OVERVIEW OF PSYCHOLOGICAL WELL-BEING AND FORGIVENESS OF CHRISTIAN YOUTH IN NORTH SUMATERA

Pamela Hendra Heng(1), Desiree Gracia Nelwan(2), Septi Lathiifah(3),


(1) (Scopus ID: 57211582794); Universitas Tarumanagara, Jakarta
(2) Universitas Tarumanagara, Jakarta
(3) Universitas Tarumanagara, Jakarta
Corresponding Author

Abstract


The entire world is being attacked by a pandemic outbreak of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) or what we know as COVID-19. The Indonesian government policy of limiting the crowd of people when socializing affects various activities of young people at church, including in North Sumatera. This causes the psychological well-being (PWB) of the youth to be disturbed. Research shows Christian youths carry out activities such as wasting time on social media and online games that may lead to gambling (Jap et al., 2013) while neglecting their education, which is contrary to Christian teachings. Constantly pressured for neglecting responsibility and doing sins may affect PWB in youth, and forgiveness from God, their family and themselves may help increase PWB. Pre and post-test of PWB and forgiveness are administered. The instrument used is the PWB questionnaire based on Ryff's (1995) theory and TRIM-18 based on McCullough and Hoyt (2002). The subjects are adolescents and young adults aged 11-40 years in North Sumatera. Results show that both variables are high. There were differences based on participants’ educational background and whether or not the participants read the bible everyday in the PWB post-test data. As for the forgiveness, results show that there were differences based on educational background and occupation in the pre-test data, while in the post-test data, there is a difference based on how many times an individual reads the bible in a day.


Keywords


psychological well-being, forgiveness, adolescents, young adults

References


Afdal, Afdal, and Asmidir Ilyas. "How psychological well-being of adolescent based on demography indicators?." JPPI (Jurnal Penelitian Pendidikan Indonesia) 6.2 (2020): 53-68. https://doi.org/10.29210/02020613

Bono, Giacomo, Michael. E. McCullough, & Lindsay. M. Root. “Forgiveness, Feeling Connected to Others, and Well-Being: Two longitudinal Studies.” Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, Vol.34, No.2 (2008): 182-195. https://doi.org/10.1177/0146167207310025

Jap, Tjibeng, Sri Tiatri, Edo Sebastian Jaya, & Mekar Sari Suteja. “The Development of Indonesian Online Game Addiction Questionnaire.” Plos One, Vol.8, No.4 (2013): 1–5. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0061098.

Juwita, Vita Ratna, & Erin Ratna Kustanti. “Hubungan antara Pemaafan dengan Kesejahteraan Psikologis pada Korban Perundungan.” Jurnal Empati, Vol.7, No.1 (2018): 274–282. https://ejournal3.undip.ac.id/index.php/empati/article/view/20196.

McCullough, M. E. & W.T. Hoyt. “Transgression-Related Motivational Dispositions: Personality substrates of forgiveness and their links to the big five”. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, No.28 (2002): 1556-1573. https://doi/10.1177/014616702237583.

McCullough, E. Michael, & Giacomo Bono. “Positive Responses to Benefit and Harm: Bringing Forgiveness and Gratitude into Cognitive Psychotherapy.” Journal of Cognitive Psychotherapy: An International Quarterly, Vol.20, No.2, (2006): 1–10. https://doi.org/ 10.1891/088983906780639835.

Parasian, Siregar Jundo. “Pengembangan Watak Kristen Melalui Pengampunan”. Jurnal Teologi dan Pendidikan Kristen, No.1 (2020) 33-42. https://doi.org/10.46305/im.v1i1.5.

Raudatussalamah & Reni Susanti. “Pemaafan (forgiveness) dan Psychological Wellbeing pada Narapidana Wanita.” Marwah, Vol.8, No.2 (2014): 219 - 234. http://dx.doi.org/10.24014/ marwah.v13i2.890.

Ryff, Carol Diane, & Corey Lee M. Keyes. “The Structure of Psychological Well-being Revisited.” Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, Vol.64, No.4 (1995): 719-727. https://doi/10.1037/0022-3514.69.4.719.

Ryff, Carol Diane “Psychological Well-being in Adult Life.” Current Directions in Psychological Science, Vol.4, No.4 (1995): 99-104. https://doi.org/10.1111%2F1467-8721.ep10772395.

Ryff, Carol Diane. “Psychological Well-being Revisited: Advances in the Science and Practice of Eudaimonia.” Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics, Vol.83 (2014): 10-28. https://doi.org/10.1159/000353263.

Supriyadi, Tugimin, Zahra Afifah Rahman, & Tiara Anggita Perdini. "Variabel Forgiveness Ditinjau Dari Religiusitas Pada Remaja." Jurnal Kajian Ilmiah, Vol.21, No.1 (2021): 31-44.

Wahyuni, Sri & Yan Kristianus Kadang. “Mendidik Anak (Educating Children)”. QUAERENS: Journal of Theology and Christianity Studies, Vol.1, No.2 (December 2, 2019): 122-143. Accessed October 9, 2021. https://https://doi.org/10.46362/quaerens.v1i2.6.

Widjaja, Imron & Lasmaria Nami Simanungkalit.”Christian Religious Education Management, Government Service, In Cell Groups on The Quality of The Faith of Church Members In Indonesia Bethel Church Of Graha Pena.” MAHABBAH: Journal of Religion and Education, Vol.1, No.1 (2020): 55-69. 10.47135/mahabbah.v1i1.8.

Worthington, Everet L., Charlotte van Oyen Witvliet, Pietro Pietrini, & Andrea J. Miller. “Forgiveness, Health, and Well-being: A Review of Evidence for Emotional versus Decisional Forgiveness, Dispositional Forgivingness, and Reduced Unforgiveness.” Journal of Behavioral Medicine, Vol.30, No.4 (2007): 291–302. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10865-007-9105-8.


Full Text: PDF

Article Metrics

Abstract View : 445 times
PDF Download : 73 times

DOI: 10.47135/mahabbah.v2i2.28

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.