FINDING A LIVING GOD: Learn from Stanley J. Samartha

Firman Panjaitan(1),


(1) Sekolah Tinggi Teologi Tawangmangu, Karanganyar
Corresponding Author

Abstract


The religious concept of God has essentially "killed" the real existence of God. The understanding of God has been narrowed through religious dogmas so that God no longer lives universally but is limited to religious dogmas that try to live it in its own religious way. Departing from this problem, this article aims to discuss efforts to find God who lives in the existence of human life. By using literature studies, especially examining Samartha's views on the power of syncretism to build an attitude of pluralism, the findings are that syncretism is a means to animate universal values in religion. Syncretism is the power to foster synergy between culture and religion, so as to form a grounded contextual understanding of the rules of the good life. Likewise with God. Through contextualization based on syncretism, God who has been killed by religious dogmas is brought back to life, so that it can greet life in accordance with the context in which God lives. God is seen universally and at the same time becomes a solid foundation for every religion in the world.

Keywords


contextual; god; stanley j. samartha; syncretism.

References


Alase, Abayomi. “The Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis (IPA): A Guide to a Good Qualitative Research Approach.” International Journal of Education and Literacy Studies 5, no. 2 (2017): 9. http://dx.doi.org/10.7575/aiac.ijels.v.5n.2p.9.

Anderson, Gerald H. “Book Review: An Introduction to the Theology of Religions: Biblical, Historical, and Contemporary Perspectives.” International Bulletin of Missionary Research 29, no. 1 (2005): 51–52. https://doi.org/10.1177/239693930502900128.

Anggito, Albi, and Johan Setiawan. Metodologi Penelitian Kualitatif. Sukabumi: CV Jejak, 2018.

Hadiwijono, Harun. Sari Filsafat India. Jakarta: BPK Gunung Mulia, 1989.

Kaufman, John. “Historical Relativism and the Essence of Christianity.” Studia Theologica - Nordic Journal of Theology 70, no. 1 (2016): 4–21. https://doi.org/10.1080/0039338X.2016.1172108.

Klootwijk, Eeuwout. Commitment and Opennes: The Interreligious Dialogue and Theology of Religions in the Work of Stanley J. Samartha. Zoetermeer: Uitgeverij Boekencentrum B.V., 1992.

Mulder, Niels. Agama, Hidup Sehari-Hari Dan Perubahan Budaya, Jawa, Muangthai Dan Filipina. Jakarta: PT Gramedia Pustaka Utama, 1999.

Nasheeda, Aishath, Haslinda Binti Abdullah, Steven Eric Krauss, and Nobaya Binti Ahmed. “Transforming Transcripts Into Stories: A Multimethod Approach to Narrative Analysis.” International Journal of Qualitative Methods 18 (2019): 1–9. https://doi.org/10.1177%2F1609406919856797.

Panjaitan, Firman. “Membangun Teologi Pertanian Melalui Pembacaan Lintas Tekstual Injil Matius Dan Kosmologi Jawa.” BONAFIDE: Jurnal Teologi dan Pendidikan Kristen 1, no. 1 (2020): 44–64. https://doi.org/10.46558/bonafide.v1i1.8.

Penumaka, Moses P.P. “Luther and Shankara: Two Ways of Salvation in the Indian Context.” Dialog: A Journal of Theology 45, no. 3 (2006): 252–262. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1540-6385.2006.00275.x.

Phillips, J. Robert, John Hick, and Paul Knitter. “The Myth of Christian Uniqueness: Toward a Pluralistic Theology of Religions.” Buddhist-Christian Studies 12 (1992): 295. https://doi.org/10.2307/1389992.

Rapp, Claudia. “Contested Ground in Gaza: The Narrative of Triumphalist Christianity.” In Geneses: A Comparative Study of the Historiographies of the Rise of Christianity, Rabbinic Judaism, and Islam, edited by John Tolan, 260. 1st Editio. London: Routledge, 2019.

Samartha, S. J. “Paul David Devanandan (1901–1962).” International Review of Mission 52, no. 206 (1963): 182–190. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1758-6631.1963.tb02443.x.

Scruggs, Ryan. “Faith Seeking Understanding: Theological Method in Thomas Merton’s Interreligious Dialogue.” Journal of Ecumenical Studies 46, no. 3 (2011): 411–426. https://www.academia.edu/38400462/Faith_Seeking_Understanding_Theological_Method_in_Thomas_Mertons_Interreligious_Dialogue.

Singgih, E.G. Berteologi Dalam Konteks: Pemikiran-Pemikiran Mengenai Kontekstualisasi Teologi Di Indonesia. Jakarta-Yogyakarta: BPK Gunung Mulia-Kanisius, 2000.

———. Dari Israel Ke Asia. Jakarta: BPK Gunung Mulia, 1982.

Sulistio, Thio Christian. “Evaluasi Terhadap Teologi Pluralisme Agama Stanley Samartha.” Veritas: Jurnal Teologi dan Pelayanan 10, no. 2 (2009): 239–257. https://doi.org/10.36421/veritas.v10i2.216.

Yewangoe, A A. Theologia Crucis Di Asia. Vol. 53. Jakarta: BPK Gunung Mulia, 2015.


Full Text: PDF

Article Metrics

Abstract View : 105 times
PDF Download : 31 times

DOI: 10.47135/mahabbah.v3i1.30

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.